|CVD IN THE CHAMPLAIN DISTRICT|
The Champlain District of Ontario
The Champlain District of Ontario encompasses a significant portion of southeastern Ontario (approximately 15,000 square km) and includes four municipal planning areas: the City of Ottawa, Renfrew County, the Eastern Counties of Prescott & Russell, Stormont, Dundas & Glengarry, and the northern parts of Leeds, Grenville & Lanark County. Home to almost 1.2 million residents, the Champlain District boasts a rich diversity of urban and rural communities, as well as socio-economic, cultural, and linguistic populations. (See map [PDF])
The Burden of CVD
Cardiovascular disease (CVD), which includes heart disease and stroke, is the single leading cause of death, disability, and hospitalization in Ontario and Canada.
The Importance of Prevention
An estimated 80% of premature CVD deaths are preventable through early management of CVD risk factors.
Approximately 80% of the population has at least one modifiable risk factor for CVD. By working to decrease these risk factors in the population, significant impacts can be made on reducing the costs of the disease.
Because many of these risk factors are shared by other chronic illnesses, such as cancer and diabetes, addressing these risk factors will assure prevention of virtually all chronic diseases.
Cardiovascular Health Status in the Champlain District
As is the case provincially and nationally, ischemic heart disease is the leading cause of death in the Champlain District.
We also know that significant geographic health inequalities, or disparities, exist within the Champlain District particularly related to CVD and its associated risk factors. The Eastern Ontario counties of Prescott & Russell, Renfrew County, as well as Leeds, Grenville & Lanark, have been identified as three of Ontario's "hot spots" for CVD. These counties experience rates of CVD morbidity and mortality above the provincial average and that experienced by the City of Ottawa. This is accompanied by increased rates of CVD risk factors, such as hypertension and smoking, which are in some cases a two-fold increase over the provincial average.
In the Champlain District there are:
For more information, please refer to the following: